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Wienerberger Building Material Solutions

Types of Exterior Wall Cladding Materials

By: Shabbir Kanchwala

The construction industry is on the cusp of a new age, with the advent of fresh and innovative technologies that are revamping the sector. Companies today have adapted to this change and are incorporating the latest developments in their services, designs, materials and construction machinery. With a strong focus on improving the interiors as well as the exteriors of buildings, organisations thrive to offer the best in class with skillfully planned and executed projects that have significant impacts on modern day living.

One of the most remarkable and complex features of a building structure is its cladding. It is a decorative covering that envelope an edifice to protect the interior spaces from the surrounding environment. Cladding is the use of one material placed over another which is intended to control the infiltration of weather elements and provide an aesthetic look. Exceptionally quick to install, cladding is durable and can last for a very long time if maintained well.

The primary function is to protect the building from wind, excessive heat and moisture, and ensure the building’s overall thermal performance. Cladding is an imperative aspect of construction as it improves the mechanical strength of the building and offers protection from a variety of external elements. These structures are more resilient to cracks caused by climate change and the surface acts as a shield forming protection from sunlight, rain, strong winds, humidity and all kinds of pollution. It has been used in architecture for a long time and can be made from a wide variety of materials.

Wall Cladding Material Mindspace Airoli East by K Raheja Corp

Types Of Cladding Materials :

  •  Wood Cladding:

    This kind of cladding not only shields the structure but is also highly energy efficient due to its insulation properties. The exquisite effect of real wood can blend with any kind of interior or exterior, thereby enhancing the appearance of the building.

  • Stone Cladding:

    Stone cladding gives a more natural look and adds a tinge of elegance to the walls. Stones are quarried and slashed into minute pieces to reduce the weight. These are then applied to the structures giving it an earthy and rustic look.

  • Ceramic Cladding:

    Ceramic cladding is light weighted and needs less maintenance. It is available in various textures and designs, making it a popular choice of architects. The material is durable, easy to clean and resistant to external weather conditions.

  • Tile Cladding:

    The aesthetic look of the tile cladding transforms a house into a contemporary abode. The design options are flexible as a combination of various sizes of the tiles can be merged together to form a unique and polished look.

  • Porcelain Cladding:

    This type of cladding is widely used for the exteriors of a structure. It is non-porous and does not accumulate surface dirt. Porcelain is immune to thermal shock and is scratch resistant, making it one of the strongest materials used for cladding.

  • Curtain Wall Cladding:

    This kind of cladding is commonly seen in multistory buildings. They are lightweight aluminium frames onto which glazed panels are fixed. This reduces the heat ingress into the building, making the indoor area more comfortable, creating a brighter, cleaner and healthier environment.

  • Aluminium Composite Cladding:

    This is made from aluminium and is often used for the external purpose only. It is weather and UV resistant, providing all-round protection to the building.

  • Timber Cladding:

    These softwoods are heated to high temperatures that eliminate moisture and form a durable material. It can be readily painted and altered according to the structural design.

  • Terracotta Cladding:

    This material is Eco-friendly and 100% natural. It is an alternative to brick cladding and gives a smooth look to the structure. Terracotta cladding is non-flammable and fire resistant and is often seen in modern as well as heritage buildings.

  • Concrete Cladding:

    Concrete is a simple solution for creating a modern and authentic look. This is cost effective, light, easy to cut and install. The cladding has revolutionized the way buildings have ever looked. In the current scenario, end users seek for something new, and architects strive to innovate and conceptualize impactful solutions. With the growth in technology and enhanced quality of architecture, there will certainly be a wide range of resources available for cladding in the future.

Shabbir Kanchwala

Senior Vice President

Shabbir Kanchwala spearheads the sustainability initiatives for real estate, hotels and malls of K Raheja Corp for the last eleven years. With close to three decades of real estate expertise, the last 10 years being with the company, Shabbir has led the green transformation which ranges, green buildings for new developments and existing projects with the Bill Clinton Climate Foundation under their Building Energy Retrofit Program. Shabbir’s continuous commitment to the cause has led K Raheja Corp to be widely renowned for steering the path in the green building sector with a majority of its residential, hotels, malls and commercial projects being LEED and IBGC Green Gold certified. Shabbir is a post graduate in structural engineering from the University of Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, and a graduate in civil engineering from Sardar Patel College of Engineering, University of Mumbai.

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