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A Holistic Design Central Information Commission, New Delhi
By: AR. Renu Khanna
The office building of Central Information Commission (CIC) at Munirka, New Delhi is abutting proposed 30 meter wide road namely Baba Gang Nath Marg. The state of the art building facilitates the effective functioning of CIC, which is a symbol of transparency in the largest democracy of the world. The ambiance of the building is in such a way that the visiting Central Information Commission (CIC) at Munirka, New Delhi – front elevation public shall be at ease and comfort while pursuing their functions at the building. This has resulted in capacity building for the Central Information Commission.
The architectural façade, an inevitable part of any building, has long been a compelling focus of interest for building physicists and designers, combining attributes of both appearance and performance in a holistic manner.
Façades, as building envelope, form the outer skins of buildings as a projected image and creative intent. The façade of the Central Information Commission at New Delhi depicts exactly the same. All components of the building façade work together to regulate the indoor environment, responding to heating, cooling, ventilation, and natural lighting needs. It balances requirements for ventilation and daylight while providing thermal protection appropriate to the local climatic conditions.
The optimally designed building façade is an important factor not only for achieving energy efficiency but also for the human comfort. In the occupant-friendly designed building, the inhabitants can work more effectively, benefiting the owners, occupants, and environment.
Façade has an impact on the interior spaces as well as on the external neighborhood.
One of the basic design motives for the building envelope was to protect the indoors from external elements along with providing optimum daylight and to optimize the solar heat gains in the building. This has been achieved through simple passive, low-cost measures based on the principle of demand reduction through building envelope design by controlling the Window to Wall Ratio (WWR), Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC) and U-value (based on the choice of building material).
Project name : Central Information Commission
Location : CIC Bhawan, Baba Gangnath Marg, Munirka, New Delhi – 110 067
Architect : Renu Khanna & Associates
Project Management Consultant : National Building Construction
Corporation (NBCC) Site Area : 4653 Sq m
Built up Area : 9770 Sq m
Energy Consumption Reduction : 60.3% reduction in energy consumption compared to GRIHA benchmark
EPI : 55.5 KWh/ Sq m/ year
Renewable Energy : Rated capacity of solar PV installed on site is 35 KW
GRIHA rating : 4 star rating
Year of completion : 2017
Indoor day-lighting is achieved by providing glazing having specific Visible Light Transmission (VLT) values and efficient space planning. Double glazed unit façade is used to maximise the external views while causing minimum glare.
Growing vegetation on the façade has potentially created a positive micro-climate around the built form. A reduction of approx. 2˚C is achieved by using green vegetation around buildings compared to the surrounding ambient in composite climates like Delhi. The green wall has been planned for the stretch of the boundary wall and the central atrium inside the building.
Low energy material like vitrified tiles, kota stone, gypsum board and glass with recycled content are used for interior work.
AR. Renu Khanna
Ar. Renu Khanna, a graduate in architecture from Chandigarh College of Architecture, is a leading architect of India having her projects spread across the length and breadth of India. Renowned for her experiential and emotive architecture, she is known for creating icons and infusing soul in all her projects, be it the monumental memorials, museums, airports, corporate offices, hospitals, housings, commercial buildings or resorts. Renu Khanna has been awarded the JK Indian Architect of the Year Award (1999), Hudco Award (1995), BATIMAT in Paris (2009), Creative Excellence in Architecture (2010), Outstanding Concrete Structure of the year award by the Indian Concrete Institute (2010 & 2012), the Best Architect of Punjab (2016) by MAMR, etc. She is also awarded 4 star Griha rating for her project, CIC Delhi (2017).