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Sudhakar Windows and Doors

“Adaptive Façades, Driven by Shape- Memory Alloys & Data-Driven Technologies, could Adjust to Changing Conditions in Real Time”

By: Ar. Vivek Bhole, Vivek Bhole Architects Pvt Ltd

The future of façades and fenestrations in building design is likely to witness a significant shift towards sustainability and energy efficiency. We can anticipate the widespread use of advanced materials, smart glass, and dynamic shading systems to enhance both environmental performance and occupant comfort. Renewable energy integration, particularly building-integrated photovoltaics, and transparent solar panels, may become standard features, contributing to on-site power generation. Adaptive façades, driven by shape-memory alloys and data-driven technologies, could adjust to changing conditions in real-time. Furthermore, the future may bring innovations in 3D printing, customisation, and resilient designs to address climate-related challenges. Ultimately, architects will play a pivotal role in creating visually appealing, sustainable, and functional building exteriors for the future.


Façades of the Future - renderings
Façades of the Future – renderings

In the forthcoming years, glass façades will be poised for substantial transformation, embracing advanced and sustainable innovations. These future developments encompass a shift towards smart glass technology, capable of adjusting transparency and reflectivity in response to environmental conditions, thereby reducing the need for artificial lighting and shading. Additionally, nanotechnology will play a pivotal role in enhancing energy efficiency and self-cleaning capabilities through specialised coatings.

The integration of solar panels directly into glass surfaces, along with a focus on biomimicry-inspired designs, will further contribute to sustainability. Innovative shading devices utilizing eco-friendly materials and an emphasis on recyclability are also set to redefine the glass façade landscape, aligning it with a more environmentally conscious and circular approach to architecture.


By 2050, I envision a future where cutting-edge façade and fenestration technologies have become integral to architectural innovation. Biomimetic façades, drawing inspiration from the natural world, employ natural principles to enhance building performance. They boast self-cleaning surfaces and shading systems that mimic plants’ response to sunlight. Kinetic façades, with their ability to adapt and change shape in response to environmental conditions, hold the promise of improving energy efficiency, ventilation, and daylighting within structures.


Electroluminescent glass, capable of emitting light with an applied electric current, opens up exciting possibilities for dynamic and energy-efficient façades that can transform in colour and pattern. These advancements hold the power to revolutionize our approach to building design and construction, making structures more energy-efficient, sustainable, and durable, ultimately contributing to a more environmentally friendly future for our planet.

Ar. Vivek Bhole, Vivek Bhole Architects Pvt Ltd

Chairman & Managing Director

Ar. Vivek Bhole is the Chairman & Managing Director of Vivek Bhole Architects Pvt Ltd.

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