KD 45 is a villa designed for a joint family consisting of 8 members, parents and their two sons with families. Surrounded by villas on 3 sides, the site offers views of the neighbourhood park on the shortest 4th side. Alongside there are three prominent trees on the site, one at the entrance, and two flanking the rear side of the plot. The design brief from the client was to try and retain these trees as much as possible.

Indoor spaces opening into the green seamlessly
Indoor spaces opening into the green seamlessly

Being a joint family the client wanted dual interaction in the house. Firstly, zones of privacy were required for his parents, his brother’s family and his family and secondly few spaces where all members living in the house can be together. In urban settings, there is a disconnect between the user and nature.

With this project the architect is looking at creating green urban living, to rekindle the relationship of the residents with nature in their immediate surroundings. This villa emerges from the landscape, with the central theme of creating maximum green cover on-site, utilising the views of the park facing the site. Built and landscape blend into each other, with indoor spaces opening into the green seamlessly.


Light and shadow
Light and shadow

The odd shape of the plot along with the views of the neighbourhood park was used as design drivers. Thematically the design looks at flowing the green of the neighbourhood park in the site, with streamlines emerging from the park facing the southern side and opening up towards the northern edge of the site. This base grid has been used to define the built-form and landscape zones such as water bodies, hardscape and soft scape.

The built form is strategically placed on one edge of the site, resulting in a generous landscaped garden on the west side of the plot which opens up to the double-height family living and dining, thereby extending as an outdoor living room. The built form emerges from the landscape and blends the ground floor to the roof of the building, creating an outdoor connective spine for the villa. This meandering stepped walkway has an outdoor space on the first floor with outdoor shaded seating and connects further to the terrace.

This outdoor terrace space created on the first floor acts as a balcony and at the same time as the direct entrance to the first-floor apartment. The landscape garden on the terrace enjoys the views of the neighbourhood park with a feeling of being nested with nature. These three outdoor spaces have different usability based on the time of day and season of the year. Existing trees on site have been retained in the design and the shading from these trees has been used to create ambient outdoor spaces, which could be used in the extreme climatic conditions of Delhi NCR.

Luxurious double height living & dining extending into the landscape
Luxurious double height living & dining extending into the landscape

The design intent was to create a dichotomy in the façade with the lower façade being light in nature and a heavy volume floating on top of it. The ground floor has a glass façade to connect with outdoor green spaces, and the first floor has punched windows carved out of concrete to minimise heat gain as this façade is directly exposed to the sun. A double-height living, dining and open kitchen space combines the two family floors into one zone of family living and thereby strengthening family connectivity.

Panoramic views into the courtyard - Feeling one with nature
Panoramic views into the courtyard – Feeling one with nature

Sustainable design strategies have been inculcated in the design, to create ambient indoor and outdoor spaces. The ground floor has a deep cantilever on the south-west and east-facing façade on the ground floor to cut the harsh summer sun. Water bodies are provided on the ground floor and terrace to promote evaporative cooling. The roof of the building is a landscaped terrace with earth and grass, this helps further to cut down the direct heat gain of the villa.


Dining and living room in the lap of nature
Dining and living room in the lap of nature

Given the hot climatic conditions of Delhi-NCR, this project has been designed for human comfort both indoors and outdoors. The shallow water body on the ground floor has been placed in the path of the wind direction, helping in evaporative cooling.

Evolution Diagrams
Evolution Diagrams

The main south-west facing façade on the ground is recessed to block the direct sunlight during the day, yet maintain a seamless visual connection to the outside. In the early evening, some rays of sunlight animate the interior. The upper floor of the building is made of concrete with windows recessed back to cut the south sun.

West Facade design of the projectThe three existing trees on site have been retained, creating zones of shadow in the landscape and also helping in reducing the sun exposure of the villa. The green cover on the terrace as well as the meandering steps, ensure a reduction of direct heat gain. Wind direction was taken into account for cross-ventilation in the house.

Project Name: Villa KD45, Delhi NCR, Ghaziabad, India
Site area l Built-up area: 1081 Sq m| 1100 Sq m
Status: Completed
Design: Amit Gupta, Britta Knobel Gupta (Studio Symbiosis)
Project Lead: Kartik Misra, Nitish Talmale
Project Architect: Govinda Dey
Team: Krishan Sharma, Anjan Mondal, Arun Marigoudra, Ankit Verma, Sakshi Raghav, Samiksha Verma, Vishakha Sharma, Dhriti Sharma
Photographer: Photographs & Video: Niveditaa Gupta
Consultants: Structure: Acecon, Mep: Dbhms, Lighting: Luminars

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